Three Types Of Gum Surgery

You may have been referred by your dentist to go see a periodontist. This could be because your gums are infected with gingivitis. Gingivitis is actually caused by bacteria build up on the teeth. A consequence of untreated gingivitis is inflamed, and damaged gums.

Restoring your mouth back to its former glory often requires you to pick between four gum surgeries. Your periodontist may have a recommendation, or a method that he prefers. Not all cases of gum disease, or gingivitis need surgery.

Gingival Flap Surgery

This is the method of choice for dentist when dealing with a patient that has moderate, to severe gum disease. The problem is that there’s a bio-film stuck in-between the teeth. In order to quality for this surgery, the bio-film needs to be at least five millimeters deep.

When performing gingival flap surgery, the dentist will make an incision to separate the gum from the teeth. Then, he will scrap away the bio-film layer. After manually scraping away tarter, he will an ultrasonic scaling device to cleanse the rest away.


This is a gum procedure that will get rid of excess tissue. If the gums are overgrown in a patient, they can trap bacteria against the teeth. This makes it impossible to practice good oral hygiene. The dentist will scrap away the extra tissue, providing the patient with more surface to brush his teeth.

If there’s any bacteria trapped behind the excess gum, the dentist will use the same methods used in the gingival flap surgery to get rid of it. Basically, scrapping and ultrasonic therapy.

Gum Graft

Some patients suffer from a lack of gum tissue. In this situation, a graft is in order. The graft is usually taken from another location in the mouth. Typically, the roof of the mouth, or behind the bottom lip is used. This tissue is taken, and than merged with the part of the gum that’s due for the graft.


This procedure is more cosmetic than anything. Receding gums aren’t aesthetically pleasing. Still, having receding gums can increase the root of your tooth’s exposure, making it more vulnerable. It also exposes more of the bottom of your tooth to infection.

A ginivoplasty involves the dentist manipulating gum tissue that already exist. He will not add skin from an area when performing this procedure. The dentist will reshape the gum tissue that’s already there.

To Prevent More Surgery In The Future

The best way to prevent gum related health issues is by keeping the practice of good oral hygiene. Remember to avoid activities that damage your teeth. A good example would be smoking, or eating more than a serving of sweets.

Ask Your Dentist About All Your Options

Dentistry is an ever changing art. The procedure your dentist is recommending now could be obsolete within a few years. Make sure you’re aware of your options now, and what they’ll be in the future if this isn’t an emergency. Don’t worry, gum surgery’s never invasive.

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